Tech-Knowledge December 2023 Issue 46
Tech-Knowledge December 2023 Issue 46
Tetra Pak cartons are designed to be aseptic, meaning they can preserve the contents without refrigeration or preservatives until they are opened. 3D food printing involves using specialized 3D printers to create edible items by layering food materials. Read the complete article Inside Tech-knowledge: our Weekly Insight into Innovations Shaping the Food & Beverage Industry! #tech-knowledge #foodandbeverageindustry #engineering #pmg
www.pmg.engineering Vol .02-Issue .46-December 2023 TECH-KNOWLEDGE The Official PMG Engineering Newsletter FOOD & BEVERAGE INDUSTRY ENGINEERING & DESIGN SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY A PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Vol .02-Issue .46-December 2023 CONTENTS 1. WHITE PAPER A. Tetra-pack B. 3D food printing 2. INDUSTRY BUZZ Latest Food Industry News Updates 3. WEEKS HIGHLIGHT A Look Into The Main Events Of The Week 4. DID YOU KNOW? Fascinating Food Facts To Expand Knowledge 2-5 6-7 8 9-11 PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Vol .02-Issue .46-December 2023 TETRA-PACKS Introduction A tetrapack comes under the category of aseptic packages. For a material to be aseptic, it should have the following features- a) The packaging material must be compatible with the product intended to be packed. b) The physical is integrity of necessary to assume containment of the product and maintenance of sterility. c) The packaging material must be able to withstand sterilization and be compatible with the methods of sterilization. d) The package must protect the product from oxygen; also, the product's aroma. the package must the package retain Tetrapack is the most common name for aseptic cartons used for liquid food items which have to be stored for up to one year without refrigeration. Aseptic here means "free from pathogenic micro- organisms, " so this packaging process eliminates the food and packages from harmful elements. This type of packaging also blocks light completely to preserve vitamins A, B2, B6, B12, C and K, which are all photosensitive and would become damaged in the presence of light. Structure of a Tetrapack A tetra pak is made of six layers, i.e. 1. Polyethylene – Contributes 15% of the total packaging; it protects from outside moisture. 2. Paper – Contributes 80% of the total packaging for providing stability, strength and smoothness to the printing surface. 3. Polyethylene – Polyethylene acts as an adhesive layer between other layers. 4. Aluminium foil - Contributes 5% of the total packaging. It forms a barrier against light and oxygen, eliminating the need for refrigeration and preventing spoilage without using preservatives. 5. Polyethylene - Acts as an adhesion layer. 6. Polyethylene - Seals the Liquid from inside. PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION READ MORE.... Vol .02-Issue .46-December 2023 PLATE HEAT EXCHANGER Types Of Tetrapacks These packages come in various sizes and shape configurations. These packages also have a variety of openings and closures appropriate to product and consumer needs. Depending on the two points mentioned, following diagrams shows the types of tetra paks available. Myths related to tetrapackaging 1. Tetra packaged milk needs boiling No, boiling of tetra pak milk is an unnecessary step. Tetrapackaging involves UHT treatment of milk into in a sterile environment, pre-sterilised packages thus there is no risk of contamination and therefore no need to boil the milk before use. 2. Tetrapackages are Sustainable Tetrapacks are recycled, but the recycled part is not used for manufacturing of tetrapacks, hence they are said as non-sustainable. It is unclear whether this is because their paperboard needs to come from virgin sources to avoid contamination, or whether the quality of the recycled paperboard isn’t high enough to make new cartons, or there is some other reason. Whatever the reason, it is turned into office paper. Conclusion The Tetrapack carton is the future packaging – being primarily made using paperboard (a renewable forest-based resource) and fully recyclable. Not only this it offers consumers convenience, easy opening, optimal shelf life. PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Vol .02-Issue .46-December 2023 3D FOOD PRINTING Introduction 3D Printing has emerged as a promising technology that finds vast applications in many fields such as machinery, biomedicine, engineering but recently this innovative technology has gained a huge popularity in area of food manufacturing sector due to its various advantages like customized food designs, personalized nutrition, simplifying supply chain and broadening of food material with varied attractive color, shape, and size. It is an additive process in contrast to some conventional processes of manufacturing which are subtractive. In conventional process like cutting, milling etc. the material is removed to form the required component, but in 3 D printing material is added as per requirement and design to be formed. the available Nowadays, it is studied at global level to attain new techniques related to process so that it can be feasibly translated on larger scale for production of high volumes of product. This technology requires printers or scanners for formation of component through this procedure. It is also known as Additive Manufacturing which takes digital input in the form of Computer Aided Design (CAD) model and creates solid three-dimensional parts through an additive layer by layer process Process A 3D food printer comprises a food-grade syringe or cartridge that holds material, a real food item. 3D printing requires hardware and software to work in collaboration. Advanced 3D food printers are equipped with user-friendly interfaces and pre- loaded recipes with designs that can be easily accessed by the computer or even with a mobile or IoT device. Let us now understand the process of manufacturing food via printer in brief: 1.Printing the Model Depending on the design data, provided the printer lays down several layers of powder, liquid, paper, polymer, plastic, or other material depending on the material required. Printer resolution describes layer thickness and X-Y resolution in micrometers. 3D concept development teams the ability to produce parts and concept models using a desktop size printer. designers Printers give and the resolution 2.Finishing Though is printer-produced sufficient for many applications, printing a slightly oversized version of the desired object in standard resolution and then removing material with a higher resolution subtractive process can achieve greater precision. In this process the supports would be dissolved which might be used to support overhanging features in the model to be printed. Types of Printing Techniques PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION READ MORE.... Vol .02-Issue .46-December 2023 1.Extrusion Based Printing: In this method, melted material or paste like slurry is extruded out continuously from a moving nozzle, and welds to the preceding layers on cooling. This type of 3D food printing applied in chocolate printing and soft materials printing such as dough, mashed potatoes, cheese, and meat paste. Additional structural objects used for supporting the product geometry is removed after completion of the printing process. 2.Selective layer Sintering This method applies a power laser to selectively fuse powder particles together layer by layer finally into 3 D structure. In this method each cross section is scanned individually for fusion of all powder ingredients present in that cross section. After scanning each cross section, the powder bed is dropped, and a new layer of powder is covered on top. This process is repeated until the desired structure is achieved. If any unfused powder is left during process, then it can be recovered for next printing. free-standing complex 3 D structures with higher resolution. This method is specially used for powdered materials such as such as sugar, fat, or starch granule (low melting point). Properties size, flowability, bulk density, laser type and laser spot diameter are critical to the printing precision and accuracy of fabricated parts. like particle to produce It allows 3.Binder Jetting: The binder jetting process uses two materials: a powder-based material and a binder. The binder acts as an adhesive between powder layers. The binder is usually in liquid form and the building material is in powder form. A print head moves horizontally along the x and y axes of the machine the build and deposits alternating material and the binding material. After each layer, the object being printed is lowered on its build platform. layers of This method has the potential to fabricate complex & delicate 3D structures and produce colorful 3D edible objects by varying binder composition. But this method can be only used for powdered ingredients. 4. Continuous Jet Printer In this method, ink is ejected continuously through a piezoelectric crystal vibrating at a constant frequency. To get a desired flowability of the ink, it is charged by the addition of some conductive agents. Ink is ejected out from heads under pressure exerted by valve. the printing rates of drop-on-demand Generally, systems are slower than that of continuous jet systems. Resolution and precision of produced images low inkjet printing handles are higher. Generally, that do not possess enough viscosity materials mechanical strength to hold 3D structure. For formulation of food ink food hydrocolloids plays a vital role. A hydrocolloid is defined as a colloid system wherein the colloid particles are dispersed in water. A hydrocolloid has a colloid particle spread throughout water and depending on the quantity of water available that can take place in different states e.g., Gel or sol (liquid). Food Hydrocolloid can form and hold 3 D structure easily. 3D printing is a ground-breaking technology that can improve the nutritional value of meals and even address hunger issues in countries where fresh and affordable inaccessible. Therefore, global industry should adopt 3D printing technology to make food production more efficient and sustainable. ingredients are food PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION FOOD INDUSTRY INDUSTRY BUZZ UP-based Gyan Dairy raises its daily output to 15 lakh litres in response to the rising demand. SC seeks a settlement with Britain and ITC about the packaging of butter cookies. The Uttar Pradesh-based CP Milk & Food subsidiary Gyan Dairy, which produces fresh milk and dairy products, has expanded its daily milk production capacity from 11 lakh litres to 15 lakh litres. The purpose of this effort is to take advantage of the increasing demand in the state of Uttar Pradesh for dairy products and milk. At an estimated cost of Rs 120 crores, the business established a state-of-the-art factory with a five lakh litres per day capacity at GIDA Phase II, Gorakhpur. The factory occupies 20067 square metres in total. More than 1800 direct and indirect jobs have been created by the construction of this plant, and more than 1 lakh families who raise cattle will profit. On Wednesday, the Supreme Court ordered ITC Ltd. and Britannia Industries to "exchange suggestions" in order to settle their disagreement with their misleadingly similar packaging. A bench led by Justice Sanjiv Khanna noted that both enterprises produce high-quality goods that are enjoyed by all, and they concluded that "it will be better if (the companies) can talk to each other" and settle the dispute. Additionally, it scheduled a follow-up hearing for January. infringement of ITC had contested, on the grounds of Britannia's Good Day Butter Cookies packaging, the Madras High Court's November judgement prohibiting it from using Sunfeast MOM's Magic Butter Cookies packaging. The order of restraint was issued due to the purported resemblance between Sunfeast MOM's Magic blue packaging and that of. PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Growing demand for high-end, luxury imported chocolates According to marketers and merchants, the Indian market for luxury and premium imported chocolates is projected to witness a notable surge over the year-end season and beyond. The demand for these chocolates is expanding gradually. According to data from the commerce ministry, India imported chocolates worth $27.84 million in the fiscal year 2023—a 45% increase from the previous year. Half of CocoCart's revenues, according to co-founder Karan Ahuja, come from the premium chocolate sector. CocoCart is an omni-channel retailer and distributor of imported chocolates in India. Industry insiders forecast that imports of luxury dark, organic, vegan, sugar-free, and gluten-free chocolates into India would persist due to consumer demand. Government to permit the production of ethanol from 1.7 million tonnes of sugar. A few days after ordering sugar mills and distilleries not to use sugarcane juice and syrup for ethanol production in the 2023–24 supply year, the government is expected to permit the diversion of 1.7 million tonnes of sugar for the manufacturing of ethanol, according to an official with knowledge of the situation. A new announcement from the government will permit the diversion of 1.7 million tonnes of sugar towards the manufacturing over decreased sugarcane production as a result of unfavourable weather patterns and growing local sugar costs were the focus of the directive. ethanol. Concerns of PepsiCo joins the government backed ONDC. Through the wide range of ONDC-affiliated seller applications, this relationship is anticipated to increase consumer outreach and make the company's product line more discoverable to potential customers. Prominent snack and beverage manufacturer PepsiCo India announced its Open Network for Digital Commerce (ONDC) membership on Monday. The company also stated that this relationship would help increase consumer outreach through the wide range of ONDC-affiliated seller applications and make the product catalogue discoverable by buyers. "The creation of ONDC as a centralized solution for diverse consumer needs is a notable step by the Indian Government to reshape the national e- commerce industry," stated Ahmed ElSheikh, President of PepsiCo India, in a statement. Maximizing consumer choice in how they choose to source our products is a top priority for PepsiCo India. We're constantly trying to develop our models for going to market. PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION N O N - T E C H N I C A L C O N T E N T WEEKS HIGHLIGHT 11 DECEMBER UNICEF DAY UNICEF, or the United Nations Children’s Fund is celebrated on 11 December , which is responsible for providing humanitarian and developmental aid to children across the globe. The agency is one of the most extensive and distinguished social-welfare organizations in the world, with a presence in 192 countries and territories. 17 DECEEMBER INTERNATIONAL MOUNTAIN DAY International Mountain Day is celebrated annually on 11 December to promote awareness for mountain communities around the globe.Mountains play an integral role in the daily lives of much of the world population. Much of the world’s usable freshwater supply originates from mountain🏔 areas. DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION R E B M E C E D PMG DID YOU KNOW? T E C H N I C A L C O N T E N T 1/3 2/3 Fact 1 In addition to flour, sugar, eggs, and butter which are commonly used in baking, there are several other important ingredients that contribute to the taste, texture, and overall quality of baked goods. for example, baking powder and baking soda, Salt, Vanilla extract, Milk, Yeast, Chocolate, and Nuts and dried fruits. Proper measurement and ratio, as well as the quality of these ingredients, are key factors in achieving delicious and well-baked treats. 3/3 R E B M E C E D PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Vol .01 Newsletter T E C H N I C A L C O N T E N T 1/3 2/3 Fact 2 Canned fruit and pulps offer convenience and versatility in our busy lives. They are pre-cut, pre-cooked, and ready to use, making meal preparation effortless. Canning preserves the natural flavors and nutrients of the fruits, ensuring a year-round supply of delicious and healthy options. Whether enjoyed as a refreshing snack, a topping for desserts, or an ingredient in recipes, canned fruit and pulps are a delicious addition to any pantry. 3/3 R E B M E C E D PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Vol .01 Newsletter T E C H N I C A L C O N T E N T 1/3 2/3 Fact 3 In addition to carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, other essential nutrients are vital for our overall health. Vitamins and minerals play key roles in supporting various bodily functions. They contribute to maintaining a strong immune system, healthy bones, and optimal growth and development. Additionally, fiber is crucial for digestion and maintaining a healthy weight. Ensuring a well-rounded diet rich in these nutrients is crucial for overall well-being. 3/3 R E B M E C E D PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Vol .01 Newsletter Vol .02-Issue .46-December 2023 PMG ENGINEERING About PMG About PMG Delivering End-to-End Engineering Design & Construction Management in Food & Beverage Industry Meeting Global Benchmarks Process Engineering I Project Management I Mechanical I Electrical I Automation I Food Safety PEOPLE DELIVERING RESULTS Safe-by-choice. First Time Quality. Maximize Value. Objectivity. Ownership. Reliable and Trustworthy Business. 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