Tech-Knowledge November 2023 Issue 42
Tech-Knowledge November 2023 Issue 42
Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) is a fermented liquid made from crushed apples. The process involves crushing apples, extracting the juice, and fermenting it with acetic acid bacteria. The result is a tangy, amber-colored vinegar renowned for its potential health benefits and culinary versatility. Industrial Basket Strainers are essential components in fluid handling systems. These devices effectively remove debris and impurities from liquids, ensuring smooth operation and protecting downstream equipment. Featuring robust construction, they offer reliable filtration for diverse industrial applications, enhancing overall system performance and longevity. Read the complete article along with up-to-date articles, Industry buzz, and fun facts on the Food & Beverage industry with PMG's weekly #FoodTech #IndustryInsights
www.pmg.engineering Vol .02-Issue .42-November 2023 TECH-KNOWLEDGE The Official PMG Engineering Newsletter FOOD & BEVERAGE INDUSTRY ENGINEERING & DESIGN SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY A PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Vol .02-Issue .42-November 2023 CONTENTS 1. WHITE PAPER A. Introduction and process flow of Apple Cider Vinegar B. Industrial Basket Strainer 2. INDUSTRY BUZZ Latest Food Industry News Updates 3. WEEKS HIGHLIGHT A Look Into The Main Events Of The Week 2-5 6-7 8-9 4. DID YOU KNOW? Fascinating Food Facts To Expand Knowledge 10-14 PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Vol .02-Issue .42-November 2023 INTRODUCTION AND PROCESS FLOW OF APPLE CIDER VINEGAR Introduction Principle: In the processing industry, apples are often used for the production of sauce and juice, but can also be processed into other products, such as cider and cider vinegar. Cider and vinegar are both produced by fermentation. Cider: juice is an alcoholic beverage made from Cider fermented apple in England). However, in the US, ‘cider’ meant rough apple juice while ‘hard cider’ is the fermented stuff. Various types of apples are needed to make good blended cider. least (at involves Fermentation is the basis of Vinegar processing. During alcoholic fermentation, yeasts utilise sugar in apple juice to produce ethanol, an anaerobic process that results in cider. The production of vinegar aerobic an fermentation step, where acetic acid bacteria into acetic acid. The convert ethanol sensorial characteristics of cider and vinegar depend processes microorganisms and selected processing techniques. fermentation the additional in cider the on Production: 1.Harvesting: Harvesting is done between September and December ,manual collection is done by sacks, and more extensive orchards are harvested mechanically. 2. Selection of Apples: Apples should be firm and ripe. Green, under mature apples cause a flat flavour. 3. Sweating: It is optional mellowing period, the apples are stored in a clean, odour free area, sometimes they are allowed to mellow and soften for about a week to ten days before grinding PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION READ MORE.... Vol .02-Issue .42-November 2023 PLATE HEAT EXCHANGER 4. Washing: After the apples have mellowed, they must be washed to remove leaves, twigs, insects, spray residues, and harmful bacteria. They are automatically poured out from the bins onto a scrubber. This machine rinses and scrubs each apple, removing most chemical residues from the skin. From there, they are moved along a conveyor to a hopper filled with water. From the hopper, the apples are put on a conveyor and moved to another worker. Jets of water aid in moving the apples to ensure proper cleaning. 5. Grinding: As apples are a hard fruit, slicing is necessary to facilitate juice extraction. This is done with high-speed rotary blades, which reduce the fruit to a pulp or the apples are put in a large mill and ground fine pulp with applesauce consistency. It is done to ensure that the maximum amount of juice can be extracted from the apples. to a 6.Pressing : To extract the juice from the mash, three main types of presses are used in commercial production of apple juice; the hydraulic press, the screw press and the belt press. Unlike the hydraulic press, the screw press is operated continuously and has a high working capacity. Two additional types of presses are the bladder press and the basket press. These are mainly used in small and medium-scale production. 7. Pasterurization: It is done around 92°C for 10-15 sec. the unwanted It microorganism. is done kill all to 8. Cooling and Filling: The juice expelled from the pomace is pumped through plastic tubes to a cooling tank. As the cider is transferred to the cooling tanks, it is passed through a screen mesh to remove any pulp pieces from the liquid. It is then chilled and stored at 33° F (0.6° C). This helps to inhibit undesirable microorganisms. Preservatives such as potassium sorbate are added and the juice is sent off to the fermentation tank. contamination the by 9. Fermentation: The apple juice ferments for eight weeks often in two stages This includes classical alcoholic into ethanol performed by yeast strains followed by acetobacter fermentation to produce vinegar. fermentation of sugars 10. Racking off: Using a clean plastic tube, the cider is drained off into the second fermenting tank or directly into bottles. 11. Filtering or fining: This step makes a cider crystal clear. It can be done by: a) Using a closed filter system avoiding exposing the cider to air. b) Mixing gelatin, bentonite, and pectic enzyme into the cider to clear unwanted material. 12. Aging and Bottling: Ageing is done in oak barrels to enhance the flavour.Use sterile bottles for cider. For an “in-bottle fermentation” small amount of sugars may be added to each bottle. Cap or cork the bottle and then pasteurize the cider to prevent further fermentation. To avoid killing the yeast by pasteurization after adding sugar, the addition of sulphur is most practiced. Conclusion . Cider is made from fermenting apple juice, which relies on natural yeast present in the apples for fermentation In the United States, fermented alcoholic apple juice is called "hard cider," while freshly pressed, nonalcoholic cider is called "sweet cider." It contains acetic acid and nutrients such as B vitamins and vitamin C. PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Vol .02-Issue .42-November 2023 INDUSTRIAL BASKET STRAINER Introduction 2.Types of Strainers- We are very well aware about the fact that physical contaminants can be the biggest disaster in food manufacturing industries, this is the reason why food technologists / engineers install devices like sifter, magnet trap, basket strainers, disc filters in process for eliminating foreign bodies that not only in achieving food safety goals but also helps reduces maintenance cost and downtime by protecting valuable equipment like flow meters, heat exchangers, valves, cooling towers, spray nozzles, pumps, valves, pasteurizer etc. from the damage associated with nuts, bolts, metal shavings etc. But to achieve removal of the foreign bodies from the pipeline system conveying process fluids, basket strainer becomes the most preferred choice among the available options as it can remove both- metallic and non-metallic contaminants up to specific particle size. 1.Sanitary Basket Strainers These are closed vessel consisting of wire mesh screens which traps solid debris from the process fluids. in food Installation of basket strainers industries is considered as a good practice for removing contaminants, regulating product size, or bettering product quality. The mesh is designed in many sizes and shapes and is either woven or welded together. 1. 2. 3. Coarse Strainers – for large particles Medium Strainers – for particles 75 to 1905 microns Fine Strainers – for particles down to 5 microns 3. Components a.Industrial Basket Strainer Housing: It is the in which basket outer covering of the strainer assembly rests. b.Filter Element: It is a cleanable screen, built in basket strainer to allow filtering of larger particles or dirt in the pipe system. Basket straining element is either made of straight or staggering perforated plates. c.Handle: It is ergonomically designed handle for easy removal/installation of basket assembly. d.Internal Cylinder: It closes the inlet and outlet for replacement of dirty elements by turning position. e.Vent Valve: Used for pressure relief. f.Clogging element requires replacement. Indicator: It indicates when filter READ MORE.... PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Vol .02-Issue .42-November 2023 g.Blow off Valve: It removes dirt particles and help strainer bodies to clean. h.Inlet Port: from where contaminated process fluid enters the strainer element. the point is It i.Outlet Port: It is the point from where clean fluid exits the strainer element. 4. Designing Parameters for Basket Filter a.Material of Construction of Removable Basket food strainers are Assembly: Beverage and manufactured steel mesh (304l/316L), but other corrosion resistant alloys can be used for processing highly corrosive fluids. stainless from f.Flow Rate: It is important to know the process flow rate as it decides whether model of basket filter will be able to withstand it or not. g.Mesh Size: Mesh Size retention by cleanable screen. indicates the particle i.Fabrication: The industrial welded simplex basket strainers manufacturers uses either bolts or welding to join various components. But still fully welded strainers are better than the casted ones as they offer zero leakage and superior cleanability. j.Location of Installation: As per standard engineering practices, strainers are employed in to protect downstream mechanical pipelines equipment such as condensers, heat exchanges, pumps, spray nozzles, turbines, steam traps, etc. from the detrimental effect of sediment, rust, pipe scale or other extraneous debris. compressor, meters, b.Type of Process: It is critical for model selection to understand that if process has to operate under batch or continuous mode. Conclusion c.Nature of Fluid: It is Paramount to know if the in fluid nature. liquid, gaseous, abrasive, corrosive is d.Process Parameters: Whenever you are buying an industrial basket strainer to install in a piping system, ensure that the system parameters like working pressure, temperature, flow rate etc. must match with strainer’s standard specifications. e.Easy to Clean: Low surface roughness makes basket strainers extremely easy to clean, which is important for maintaining product safety. Any corrosion could lead to bacterial growth that causes contamination and potential health issues for consumers. Basket Strainers are now no longer confined to a simple cast body with a wire mesh screen, but are a technical, highly refined, carefully designed piece of equipment. So, before you buy any basket strainer, ensure you understand every detail identify a mentioned above. More trusted and reliable manufacturer for purchase of it. Importantly, PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION FOOD INDUSTRY INDUSTRY BUZZ Experience cutting-edge ingredients & technology in the bakery industry. Paras and the governor of the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso had a bilateral meeting. From November 29 to December 1, 2023, the 16th edition of Bakery Business will take place at the Jio World Convention Centre in BKC, Mumbai. This year, which boasts more than 160 exhibitors from India and outside, is expected to impress and motivate more than 15,000 industry professionals. Over the years, the exhibition has generated a potentially enormous demand for showing and acquiring innovative baking ingredients and technologies. It will be a pivotal time in the company's history. industry Bakery Business industry professionals advancements. Attendees can experience the latest baking technology for every kind of bread and bakery item: rolls, cookies, sweet goods, tortillas, snack foods, biscuits, crackers, and more. is a showcasing focused show newest the for Mauro Mendes Ferreira, the governor of Brazil's State of Mato Grosso, met bilaterally with Pashupati Kumar Paras, the minister of food processing industries. Senior Ministry officials and Minhaj Alam, the assistant secretary, attended the meeting. Kenneth Nóbrega, Brazil's ambassador to India, and other top government officials travelled with the governor from Brazil. The historical relationship that has existed between the two nations for more than 70 years was discussed by both parties. The recent high-level engagements and visits demonstrate both sides' commitment to enhancing bilateral ties, and this momentum has to be maintained and further reinforced. Paras emphasized that our respective countries' prime ministers had highly fruitful conversations outside the G20 and G7 summits. PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Transforming animal nutrition: the market for insect proteins is expected to develop rapidly. False packaging: The truth about PLA straws in India The market for insect proteins in animal feed has grown significantly worldwide, and in 2021, it will reach a value of about $511 million. Driven by the acknowledgement of insects as a remarkably nourishing and eco-friendly feed material, the sector is anticipated to expand at a remarkable compound annual growth rate (CAGR) above 10% between 2022 and 2030. The increase in demand can be attributed to a paradigm shift in the way we think about animal nutrition, wherein insect proteins are becoming more critical in the search for high-quality, sustainable animal feeds. Growing Knowledge of Insect Proteins: The use of alternative protein sources has increased recently due to expanding knowledge of the adverse environmental effects of traditional animal agricultural methods. As a result of the global movement to outlaw single-use plastic, many sustainable alternatives to plastic have been brought to market and heavily promoted through green marketing. A product that has gained popularity is the PLA (Polylactic Acid) straw, which is marketed as a more environmentally friendly option than traditional plastic straws. Natural materials like sugarcane or maize starch are the source of PLA, an excellent substitute for natural plastic. With the introduction of the single-use plastic ban on July 1, 2022, its acceptance in the Indian market gained pace. But a disturbing truth still exists: some businesses are taking advantage of the environmental movement by greenwashing or passing off PLA straws to prove their dedication to sustainability. This dishonest practice misleads customers and impedes sincere attempts to protect the environment. From bean to brew: Dissecting India's Coffee Supply Chain Coffee is more than simply a morning stimulant; it's a ubiquitous beverage that affects millions of people's lives worldwide. A coffee bean travels a fascinating path through the Indian coffee supply chain from the time it is planted in the lush coffee-producing regions of India until it is expertly brewed and enjoyed by coffee connoisseurs. We'll walk you through every step of this comprehensive investigation, from seed to cup, revealing the subtleties and procedures that go into creating your everyday brew. India's Farming & Cultivation: The Origins of Coffee Our tour of the nation's coffee supply chain begins at the source, with the coffee farms dotting India's scenic landscapes. These farms are primarily located in areas with particular climates, which include the Nilgiri Hills the Western and Eastern Ghats. PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION WEEKS HIGHLIGHT 10 NOVEMBER SCIENCE DAY World Science Day for Peace and Development aims to ensure that citizens are kept informed of developments in science. It also underscores the role our understanding of our planet and in making our societies more sustainable. broadening scientists play in N O N - T E C H N I C A L C O N T E N T 11 NOVEMBER DIWALI Wishing you and your loved ones a Happy Diwali filled with prosperity, happiness, and the beautiful moments that make life truly special. May the coming year be as vibrant and successful as the lights that adorn our homes during this festive season. 13 NOVEMBER WORLD KINDNESS DAY “World Kindness Day “is celebrated all over the world on 13th November. It promotes the importance of being kind to each other, to yourself, and to the world.This event started in Tokyo in 1997 under the name World Kindness Movement with the theme “KINDNESS”, Theme of 2023 is "kindness can transform lives.". DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION R E B M E V O N PMG WEEKS HIGHLIGHT 14 NOVEMBER CHILDREN'S DAY Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889 in Allahabad, India. He was the first prime minister of independent India and one of the principal independence movement.He is the architect of Modern India and was a great advocate of science and technology. It was his vision and foresight that led to the development of Science & Technology in India. leaders India’s of N O N - T E C H N I C A L C O N T E N T 16 NOVEMBER INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR TOLERANCE We human beings have evolved and developed by sharing love, compassion and care. Celebrating International Day of tolerance is a souvenir to stand for the whole world regardless of race, colour, caste, creed, gender etc.Let us join our hands and celebrate this day for humanity! 16 NOVEMBER NATIONAL PRESS DAY Press is one of the strongest pillars of democracy that should stand for the people. It is our duty to stand up and encourage the brave heros of our nation who are working 24×7 to represent our voices. DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION R E B M E V O N PMG DID YOU KNOW? T E C H N I C A L C O N T E N T 1/3 2/3 Fact 1 the meat Effectively handling equipment for carcasses is in maintaining hygiene and ensuring essential efficient processing industry. in Specialized tools such as hoists, conveyors, and processing machinery streamline the workflow, enhancing productivity and minimizing waste. Proper training and adherence to safety protocols are crucial for workers to operate this equipment, ensuring a seamless and hygienic process from carcass arrival to final product distribution. 3/3 R E B M E V O N PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Vol .01 Newsletter T E C H N I C A L C O N T E N T 1/3 2/3 Fact 2 Semolina, derived from durum wheat, is a coarse flour with a golden hue and versatile culinary applications. Rich in nutrients like protein and fiber, semolina is a staple in many cuisines globally. Its gritty texture makes it ideal for pasta, couscous, and various desserts. Beyond its culinary uses, semolina's nutritional profile contributes to a balanced diet, offering energy and essential minerals for overall well-being. 3/3 R E B M E V O N PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Vol .01 Newsletter T E C H N I C A L C O N T E N T 1/3 2/3 Fact 3 "Barley products epitomize a wholesome and versatile nutritional choice, offering a spectrum of health benefits and culinary delights. From hearty barley soups to nutrient-packed barley flour, these products embody a commitment to well-being. Packed with fiber, vitamins, and minerals, barley items promote digestive health and satiety. Embrace the goodness of barley in every bite, cultivating a healthier lifestyle with each nourishing and flavorful creation." 3/3 R E B M E V O N PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Vol .01 Newsletter T E C H N I C A L C O N T E N T 1/3 2/3 Fact 4 Fruit preserves are delectable spreads crafted by cooking fresh fruits with sugar, resulting in a luscious consistency that captures the essence of ripe produce. These vibrant concoctions, often enriched with natural pectin, preserve flavors, colors, and fruits' nutritional value. Whether enjoyed atop toast or as a fruit versatile preserves offer a delightful fusion of sweetness and fruitiness, into indulgent experiences. transforming ordinary moments ingredient creations, culinary the in 3/3 R E B M E V O N PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Vol .01 Newsletter T E C H N I C A L C O N T E N T 1/3 2/3 Fact 5 Mushroom preserves offer a delectable and versatile addition to culinary creations, preserving the earthy goodness of mushrooms year-round. Through a meticulous process, these preserves capture the unique flavors and textures of various mushroom varieties, providing a convenient and flavorful ingredient for diverse dishes. Whether spread on toast, incorporated into sauces, or enjoyed as a savory condiment, mushroom preserves elevate the culinary experience with their rich, umami-packed profile. 3/3 R E B M E V O N PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Vol .01 Newsletter Vol .02-Issue .41-October 2023 PMG ENGINEERING About PMG About PMG Delivering End-to-End Engineering Design & Construction Management in Food & Beverage Industry Meeting Global Benchmarks Process Engineering I Project Management I Mechanical I Electrical I Automation I Food Safety PEOPLE DELIVERING RESULTS Safe-by-choice. First Time Quality. Maximize Value. Objectivity. Ownership. Reliable and Trustworthy Business. MAKING CUSTOMERS THE INDUSTRY LEADERS ENGINEERING MUST CREATE BUSINESS VALUE MEET THE EXPECTATIONS OF ALL STAKEHOLDERS OPTIMAL ENGINEERING Website Link Click Here Follow Us on
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