Boiler for steam generation- An Introduction
Boiler for steam generation- An Introduction

A boiler is an enclosed vessel in which a fluid such as water is heated to produce steam or the vaporized form of a liquid. The steam or hot water is then circulated through a piping system, to transfer heat for various applications such as heating, power generation and other processes. Boilers and associated systems are efficient heat exchange systems; however, they can be dangerous if not properly maintained and operated. Boilers are commonly fueled by natural gas, oil, or electricity, and can come in various sizes and types, including conventional boilers, system boilers, and combination boilers. They are often used as an alternative to furnaces, particularly in areas where natural gas is readily available. Boilers can be used for both residential and commercial applications, and are generally considered to be efficient and reliable heating systems.

 

 

1. Boiler purposes


1.1.  Space heating

Boilers are commonly used to heat buildings and homes by circulating hot water or steam through radiators or underfloor heating systems.

1.2.    Hot water supply

Boilers can be used to provide hot water for domestic use, such as bathing and washing dishes.

1.3.    Industrial processes

Boilers are used in many industrial processes, such as power generation, chemical processing, and food processing, to provide heat or steam for various applications.

1.4.    Cogeneration

Boilers can be used in cogeneration systems, which produce both electricity and heat from a single fuel source.

1.5.    District heating

Boilers can be used in district heating systems, which supply heat to multiple buildings from a central location.

1.6.    Snow melting

Boilers can be used to melt snow and ice on sidewalks, driveways, and other outdoor surfaces.

Overall, boilers are versatile and efficient heating systems that can be used for a wide range of applications.

 

2.    Types of Boiler and Classifications of Boiler:

There are the following Boiler Types:


2.1.    According to the position of water and hot gasses

Fire Tube Boiler: A fire tube boiler is a type of boiler in which hot gases from a fire pass through one or more tubes running through a sealed container of water. The heat of the gases is transferred through the walls of the tubes by thermal conduction, heating the water and ultimately creating steam. The steam produced is used for various applications such as power generation, heating, and industrial processes.


Water Tube Boiler: A water tube boiler is a type of boiler that uses a network of tubes filled with water to create hot gases and steam. The tubes are arranged in a way that maximizes heat transfer and efficiency, and they can be straight or bent depending on the design. Water tube boilers are commonly used in industrial applications and power plants, where they can generate large amounts of steam for various processes.


2.2.    According to Axis of Shell

Horizontal Boiler: A horizontal boiler is a type of boiler that has a horizontal cylindrical shell containing a cylindrical furnace, tubes, and a smokebox, with the stack located at the rear of the shell. The boiler is designed to operate with a maximum operating pressure of up to 250 psi and a temperature of up to 450°F.

Vertical Boiler: A vertical boiler is a type of boiler that has a vertically oriented cylindrical shell containing a furnace, tubes, and a smokebox, with the stack located at the top of the shell. The boiler is designed to operate with a maximum operating pressure of up to 300 psi and a temperature of up to 500°F.

2.3.    According to the pressure

Low-Pressure Boiler: A low-pressure boiler is a type of boiler that operates at a maximum working pressure of 15 psi or a maximum operating temperature of 250°F. These boilers are generally used for heating buildings and other low-temperature processes.

High-Pressure Boiler: A high-pressure boiler is a type of boiler that operates at a pressure above 15 psi or a temperature above 250°F. These boilers are typically used in industrial applications, such as power generation, where they can produce large amounts of steam to drive turbines and other equipment.


2.4.    According to the method of circulation

Natural Circulation Boiler: A natural circulation boiler is a type of boiler that operates without the use of a pump to circulate water. The circulation of water in these boilers is due to natural convection currents, which are generated by the density difference between the heated water in the boiler and the cooler water in the return circuit.

Forced Circulation Boiler: A forced circulation boiler is a type of boiler that uses a pump to circulate water through the boiler and the steam-generating tubes. The pump creates a forced flow of water through the tubes, which enhances heat transfer and increases the efficiency of the boiler.


2.5.    According to fuel firing

Solid fuel-fired Boiler: A solid fuel-fired boiler is a type of boiler that uses solid fuel, such as coal, wood, or biomass, as the primary fuel source for combustion. The fuel is burned in a furnace or combustion chamber, which generates heat that is transferred to the water in the boiler through a series of tubes.


Liquid fuel-fired Boiler: A liquid fuel-fired boiler is a type of boiler that uses liquid fuel, such as diesel, heavy oil, or kerosene, as the primary fuel source for combustion. The fuel is atomized and sprayed into the combustion chamber, where it is ignited and generates heat that is transferred to the water in the boiler through a series of tubes.

Gaseous fuel-fired Boiler: A gaseous fuel-fired boiler is a type of boiler that uses gaseous fuels, such as natural gas, propane, or biogas, as the primary fuel source for combustion. The fuel is burned in a combustion chamber or furnace, which generates heat that is transferred to the water in the boiler through a series of tubes.

 

                    

3.    Boiler Fuel Types

Boiler Furnaces compatible with following types of Fuels

3.1.  Boiler Solid Fuels

·    Wood

·    Coal

·    Briquettes

·    Pet Coke

·    Rice Husk

3.2.  Boiler Liquid Fuel

·    LDO (Light Diesel Oil)

·    Furnace oil

 

3.3.  Boiler Gaseous Fuels

·    LPG

·    LNG

·    PNG can be used to carry out the combustion for a specific purpose.

 

 

4. Components of a Boiler Systems

   Boiler design is made up of 3 main components–

4.1.  Boiler Feedwater System

Water that converts into steam-by-steam boilers system called Feedwater & system that regulates feed water called Feedwater system.

4.1.1.           There are two types of feedwater systems in boilers:

· Open feed System

· Closed feed System.

4.1.2.           There are two main sources of feed water:

· Condensed steam returned from the process.

· Raw water arranged from outside the boiler’s plant processes.

4.2.  Boiler Steam System

Steam System is a kind of main controlling system of the boilers process. Steam Systems are responsible to collect & control all generated steam in the process.

Steam systems send steam generated in the process to the point of use through pipes (piping system). Throughout the process, steam pressure is controlled and regulated with the help of boilers system parts such as valves, steam pressure gauges, etc.

4.3.  Boilers Fuel System

Fueling is the heart of the boilers process & fuel system consists of all the necessary components and equipment to feed fuel to generate the required heat. The equipment required in the fuel system depends on the type of fuel used in the system.

 

5. Boiler Applications

The Boilers have a very wide application in different industries such as Power Sector

·    Food Processing Industry

·    FMCG

·    Sugar Plants

·    Thermal Power Plants

 

6. Key Manufacturer:

·    Forbes Marshall

·    Thermax India Limited

·    Cheema Boilers

·    Thermodyne Engineering Systems

 

7. References:

·    https://www.thermodyneboilers.com/what-is-boiler/

·    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boiler

·  https://www.tradeindia.com/blog/list-of-top-10-good-quality-boiler-manufacturing-companies-in-india/

Featured Product Categories
Explore
Explore the Richness of Taste made possible by Food Processing
Arrow
Arrow
Featured Technology Categories
Explore
Technologies in Food Processing behind the delicious food products
Arrow
Arrow
Featured Expertise Categories
Explore
Expertise that Delivers - Meet the Masters in Food Industry Engineering
Arrow
Arrow
Featured Projects
Explore
Innovating the Future of Food Engineering - Explore our State-of-Art Projects
Arrow
Arrow
Insights
Explore
Insights and Innovations: Exploring Our In-Depth Industry Articles
Arrow
Arrow
Newsletters
Explore
Stay Updated: Dive into Our Informative Food Industry Newsletters
Arrow
Arrow