Tech-Knowledge October 2023 Issue 38
Tech-Knowledge October 2023 Issue 38
Apple cider processing involves the transformation of fresh apples into cider, which can refer to either non-alcoholic apple cider or alcoholic apple cider, also known as hard cider. An industrial basket strainer, also known simply as a basket strainer, is a type of filtration device used in various industrial applications to remove solid particles from a flowing liquid or gas. Read the complete article along with up-to-date articles, Industry buzz, and fun facts on the Food & Beverage industry with PMG's weekly newsletter: Tech-knowledge.
www.pmg.engineering Vol .02-Issue .38-October 2023 TECH-KNOWLEDGE The Official PMG Engineering Newsletter FOOD & BEVERAGE INDUSTRY ENGINEERING & DESIGN SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY A PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Vol .02-Issue .38-October 2023 CONTENTS 1. WHITE PAPER A. Apple cider Processing B. Industrial basket strainer 2. INDUSTRY BUZZ Latest Food Industry News Updates 3. WEEKS HIGHLIGHT A Look Into The Main Events Of The Week 4. DID YOU KNOW? Fascinating Food Facts To Expand Knowledge 2-5 6-7 8 9-12 PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Vol .02-Issue .38-October 2023 APPLE CIDER PROCESSING Introduction In the processing industry, apples are often used for the production of sauce and juice, but can also be processed into other products, such as cider and cider vinegar. Cider and vinegar are both produced by fermentation. juice is an alcoholic beverage made from Cider fermented apple in England). However, in the US, ‘cider’ meant rough apple juice while ‘hard cider’ is the fermented stuff. Various types of apples are needed to make good blended cider. least (at Sweet apple cider (Sweet apple cider, by its name, is much sweeter due to the presence of either unfermented or added sugar. Dry cider Dry ciders are those which have been ferment to maturation. left to Principle Fermentation is the basis of Vinegar processing. During alcoholic fermentation, yeasts utilise sugar in apple juice to produce ethanol, an anaerobic process that results in cider. The production of vinegar involves an additional aerobic fermentation step, where acetic acid bacteria convert ethanol in cider into acetic acid. The sensorial characteristics of cider and vinegar depend processes selected processing microorganisms and techniques. fermentation the the on Production The process of manufacturing of Apple cider vinegar completes in the following steps- Harvesting 1.Harvesting: is done between September and December ,manual collection is done by sacks, and more extensive orchards are harvested mechanically. 2.Selection of Apples: Apples should be firm and ripe. Green, under mature apples cause a flat flavor. 3.Sweating: It is optional mellowing period, the apples are stored in a clean, odor free area, sometimes they are allowed to mellow and soften for about a week to ten days before grinding 4.Washing: After the apples have mellowed, they must be washed to remove leaves, twigs, insects, spray residues, and harmful bacteria. They are automatically poured out from the bins onto a scrubber. PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION READ MORE.... Vol .02-Issue .38-October 2023 PLATE HEAT EXCHANGER 5.Grinding: As apples are a hard fruit, slicing is necessary to facilitate juice extraction. This is done with high-speed rotary blades, which reduce the fruit to a pulp or the apples are put in a large mill and ground to a fine pulp with applesauce consistency. It is done to ensure that the maximum amount of juice can be extracted from the apples. 6.Pressing : To extract the juice from the mash, three main types of presses are used in commercial production of apple juice; the hydraulic press, the screw press and the belt press. Unlike the hydraulic press, the screw press is operated continuously and has a high working capacity. Two additional types of presses are the bladder press and the basket press. These are mainly used in small and medium-scale production. 7.Pasterurization: It is done around 92°C for 10-15 sec. It is done to kill all the unwanted microorganism. 8.Cooling and Filling: The juice expelled from the pomace is pumped through plastic tubes to a cooling tank. As the cider is transferred to the cooling tanks, it is passed through a screen mesh to remove any pulp pieces from the liquid. It is then chilled and stored at 33° F (0.6° C). This helps to inhibit the contamination by undesirable microorganisms. Preservatives such as potassium sorbate are added and the juice is sent off to the fermentation tank. in two stages This 9.Fermentation: The apple juice ferments for eight weeks often includes classical alcoholic fermentation of sugars into ethanol performed by yeast strains followed by acetobacter fermentation to produce vinegar. 10.Racking off: Using a clean plastic tube, the cider is drained off into the second fermenting tank or directly into bottles. 11.Filtering or fining: This step makes a cider crystal clear. It can be done by: a) Using a closed filter system avoiding exposing the cider to air. b) Mixing gelatin, bentonite, and pectic enzyme into the cider to clear unwanted material. 12.Aging and Bottling: Ageing is done in oak barrels to enhance the flavour. Use sterile bottles for cider. For an “in-bottle fermentation” small amount of sugars may be added to each bottle. Cap or cork the bottle and then pasteurize the cider to prevent further fermentation. To avoid killing the yeast by pasteurization after adding sugar, the addition of sulphur is most practiced. 13. Storage: The bottles should be kept in a cool, dark storage place. Conclusion . Cider is made from fermenting apple juice, which relies on natural yeast present in the apples for fermentation In the United States, fermented alcoholic apple juice is called "hard cider," while freshly pressed, nonalcoholic cider is called "sweet cider." It contains acetic acid and nutrients such as B vitamins and vitamin C. PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Vol .02-Issue .38-October 2023 INDUSTRIAL BASKET STRAINER Introduction We are very well aware about the fact that physical contaminants can be the biggest disaster in food manufacturing industries, this is the reason why food technologists / engineers install devices like sifter, magnet trap, basket strainers, disc filters in process for eliminating foreign bodies that not only in achieving food safety goals but also helps reduces maintenance cost and downtime by protecting valuable equipment like flow meters, heat exchangers, valves, cooling towers, spray nozzles, pumps, valves, pasteurizer etc. from the damage associated with nuts, bolts, metal shavings etc. But to achieve removal of the foreign bodies from the pipeline system conveying process fluids, basket strainer becomes the most preferred choice among the available options as it can remove both- metallic and non-metallic contaminants up to specific particle size. 1. Sanitary Basket Strainers These are closed vessel consisting of wire mesh screens which traps solid debris from the process fluids. in food Installation of basket strainers industries is considered as a good practice for removing contaminants, regulating product size, or bettering product quality. The mesh is designed in many sizes and shapes and is either woven or welded together. These screens are tightly woven to provide an adequate straining material that are capable of filtering material that are either 100 microns or larger. 1. Types of Strainers- A. On the basis of size of mesh Strainers are broken down into three main filtering categories: 1.Coarse Strainers – for large particles 2.Medium Strainers – for particles 75 to 1905 microns 3.Fine Strainers – for particles down to 5 microns B. On the basis of mode of operation 1.Simplex Filter: These are single chambered equipment installed in pipeline systems which removes the particles and debris from the flowing fluid in pipeline systems. These kinds of strainers are not useful for the continuous process, as it requires the process to shut down for certain period to replace/clean the basket strainer. We can easily determine when the basket is clogged by comparing the pressure at inlet and outlet. 2.Duplex Filter: It is a twin basket filter with two identical simplex filters which are connected via pipe and valves. These have independent basket strainer chambers having common inlet and outlet ports and are very essential for the processes that are required to be operated under continuous mode. two PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION READ MORE.... Vol .02-Issue .38-October 2023 3.Self-Cleaning Basket Filters: It is the advanced form of basket strainers which are also known as automatic self-cleaning strainer. They basically offer two main advantages: 1.Reduction in in downtime as you do not require thus saving baskets maintenance cost. 2.A worry-free maintenance costs. G for cleaning to uninstall Components Basket components and parts which are discussed below: strainers are assembly of different a.Industrial Basket Strainer Housing: It is the outer covering of the strainer in which basket assembly rests. b.Filter Element: It is a cleanable screen, built in basket strainer to allow filtering of larger particles or dirt in the pipe system. Basket straining element is either made of straight or staggering perforated plates. c.Handle: It is ergonomically designed handle for easy removal/installation of basket assembly. d.Internal Cylinder: It closes the inlet and outlet for replacement of dirty elements by turning position. e.Vent Valve: Used for pressure relief. f.Clogging element requires replacement. g.Blow off Valve: It removes dirt particles and help strainer bodies to clean. h.Inlet Port:It is the point from where contaminated process fluid enters the strainer element. i.Outlet Port:It is the point from where clean fluid exits the strainer element. indicates when Indicator: filter It Components is from install food stainless liquid, gaseous, abrasive, corrosive a.Material of Construction of Removable Basket strainers are Assembly: Beverage and manufactured steel mesh (304l/316L), but other corrosion resistant alloys can be used for processing highly corrosive fluids. b.Type of Process: It is critical for model selection to understand that if process has to operate under batch or continuous mode. c.Nature of Fluid: It is Paramount to know if the fluid in nature. d.Process Parameters: Whenever you are buying an industrial basket strainer to in a piping system, ensure that the system parameters like working pressure, temperature, flow rate etc. must match with strainer’s standard specifications. e.Easy to Clean:Low surface roughness makes basket strainers extremely easy to clean, which is important for maintaining product safety. Any lead to bacterial growth that corrosion could causes contamination and potential health issues for consumers. f.Flow Rate: It is important to know the process flow rate as it decides whether model of basket filter will be able to withstand it or not. g.Mesh Size: Mesh Size retention by cleanable screen. h.Fabrication: The industrial welded simplex basket strainers manufacturers uses either bolts or welding to join various components. But still fully welded strainers are better than the casted ones as they offer zero leakage and superior cleanability. i.Location of standard engineering practices, strainers are employed in pipelines to protect downstream mechanical equipment such as condensers, heat exchanges, pumps, spray nozzles, turbines, steam traps, etc. from the detrimental effect of sediment, rust, pipe scale or other extraneous debris. Installation: As per indicates the particle compressor, meters, PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION FOOD INDUSTRY INDUSTRY BUZZ FSSAI introduces a specific category rule to advance gender equality. Coffee meets draw young people to a variety of events. - Brewer, Latte Art ‘Special Category' is a brand-new feature that the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has added to the Food Safety Compliance System (FoSCoS) portal. The recently implemented rule intends to advance gender equality and equal opportunity female and transgender business owners in the food industry. for As long as there are pending applications in either category, the Licensing and Registering Authorities must process "Special Category" applications equitably to preserve a one-to-one ratio with ordinary applications. These people will be recognized during the application submission procedure using Aadhaar/PAN authentication. According to a recent survey by Kerry, a world authority on taste and nutrition, one-third of consumers are open to switching to brands or goods with a longer shelf life. A massive 98% of those surveyed were actively attempting to minimize food waste, motivated by diverse motives such as financial worries, and environmental awareness of world poverty. This openness to change is being driven by consumers' strong desire to act on food waste. considerations, life of products These findings underscore the need for the food industry to take action on food loss and, where possible, increase the light of September 29 being shelf recognized by the UN as the International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Loss. According to the organization, by doing this, businesses can satisfy the changing needs of customers who are becoming more aware of the effects of food waste. in PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION According to a Kerry survey, consumers are willing to switch to products with a longer shelf life. Launch of new curry masala bread mix by Puratos India According to a recent survey by Kerry, a world authority on taste and nutrition, one-third of consumers are open to switching to brands or goods with a longer shelf life. A massive 98% of those surveyed were actively attempting to minimize food waste, motivated by diverse motives such as financial worries, environmental considerations, and awareness of world poverty. This openness to change is being driven by consumers' strong desire to act on food waste. Puratos India, a leading provider of bakery, patisserie, and chocolate ingredients, offers the new Easy Curry Masala Bread Mix. The rich and savory flavors of Indian food are sure to please consumers who purchase this new product. A versatile ingredient, the Easy Curry Masala Bread Mix may be used to create a range of finished goods, including bread loaves, rusks, pizza bases, crusty bread, and even hot dog buns. To offer an authentic and tasty taste, a blend of carefully chosen Indian spices is used in its preparation. These findings underscore the need for the food industry to take action on food loss and, where possible, increase the shelf life of products in light of September 29 being recognized by the UN as the International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Loss. Puratos Food Ingredients India Pvt. Ltd. managing director Ashish Seth stated, "Indian food has traditionally been acclaimed for its excellent balance of spices that create a distinct and distinctive flavor. The Easy Curry Masala Bread Mix is a fascinating addition to our range, demonstrating our dedication innovation and accommodating changing consumer demands. to The new insecticide 'Benzilla' from Rallis India is intended to combat BPH and aid in safeguarding paddy production. Rallis India, a Tata company and a significant player in the Indian agro inputs market, has introduced "Benzilla," a unique crop protection product. It is a cutting-edge device powered by patented BPX technology from Japan that promises to change crop management practices, increase yields, and benefit farmers. Significant research and field experiments back it. Its distinctive formulation, which combines IGR technology, is the outcome of a strategic relationship between Rallis India and the Japanese agro-chem company Nihon Nohyaku Co., Ltd (Japan). This partnership ensures a protracted and sustained control of Brown Plant Hopper (BPH) infestations in rice crops. PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION N O N - T E C H N I C A L C O N T E N T WEEKS HIGHLIGHT 29 SEPTEMBER WORLD HEART DAY The World Heart Federation established World Heart Day to remind people around the world that CVD claims 18.6 million lives each year. It aims to motivate people to take action by educating them on how risk factors such as tobacco use, poor diet, and physical inactivity can prevent at least 80% of premature deaths from heart disease and stroke. 2 OCTOBER GANDHI JAYANTI Gandhi Jayanti is an annual event held in India to commemorate Mahatma Gandhi's birthday on October 2. Gandhi led the freedom movement, bringing together all national leaders and advocating for peace and nonviolence. The United Nations General Assembly International Day of designated October 2 as Nonviolence in 2007. 4 OCTOBER WORLD ANIMAL WELFARE DAY World Animal Day is an animal welfare movement that encourages global countries to work together to create a more favorable place for all animal life. It was widely observed on October 4. It is a special day for individuals who love and care for God's magnificent creations. Under the banner of World Animal Welfare Day, animal lovers, activists, and organizations are invited to raise awareness. DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION R E B O T C O PMG DID YOU KNOW? T E C H N I C A L C O N T E N T 1/4 2/4 R E B O T C O 3/4 3/4 Fact 1 Margarine production is the process of manufacturing margarine, a butter substitute made from vegetable oils, water, emulsifiers, and other ingredients. It is a popular alternative to butter due to its lower cost and lower saturated fat content, making it a suitable choice for cooking and spreading on bread. PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Vol .01 Newsletter T E C H N I C A L C O N T E N T 1/4 2/4 R E B O T C O 3/4 4/4 Fact 2 Hulling mills, also known as huller mills or dehuller mills, are industrial machines used primarily in the agricultural and food processing industries. Their main purpose is to remove the outer husk or hull from various types of seeds, grains, or fruits. This hull removal process is important because the hulls can be tough, indigestible, or unpalatable, and removing them improves the quality and usability of the underlying product. PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Vol .01 Newsletter T E C H N I C A L C O N T E N T 1/3 2/3 Fact 3 Cornflakes are a popular breakfast cereal made from toasted flakes of corn. They are typically thin, flat, and crispy, and they are known for their mild, slightly sweet flavor. Cornflakes are commonly eaten with milk, yogurt, or fruit and are often used as a base for various breakfast cereals and snacks. 3/3 R E B O T C O PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Vol .01 Newsletter T E C H N I C A L C O N T E N T 1/3 2/3 Fact 4 Steaming, "cooking," and "flaking" are processes commonly used in the milling of grains and oilseeds, particularly in the production of various food products, including cereals, oils, and animal feeds. 3/3 R E B O T C O PMG DESIGN+BUILD FOOD FACTORIES. ONE STOP ENGINEERING SOLUTION Vol .01 Newsletter Vol .02-Issue .38-October 2023 PMG ENGINEERING About PMG About PMG Delivering End-to-End Engineering Design & Construction Management in Food & Beverage Industry Meeting Global Benchmarks Process Engineering I Project Management I Mechanical I Electrical I Automation I Food Safety PEOPLE DELIVERING RESULTS Safe-by-choice. First Time Quality. Maximize Value. Objectivity. Ownership. Reliable and Trustworthy Business. 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